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  SGM3140B 500ma buck/boost charge pump led driver general description the SGM3140B is a current-regulated charge pump ideal for powering high brightness leds for camera flash applications. the charge pump can be set to regulate two current levels for flash and torch modes. the SGM3140B automatically switches modes between step-up and step-down ensuring that led current does not depend on the forward voltage. it switches at 2.2mhz, allowing the use of tiny components. the supply voltage ranges from 2.7v to 5.5v and is ideally suited for all applications powered by a single li-ion battery ce ll or three to four nicd, nimh, or alkaline battery cells. the SGM3140B also features a very low shutdown current, an automatic soft-s tart mode to limit inrush current, as well as over-current, over-voltage and over-temperature thermal shutdown control. a low current-sense reference voltage (47mv) allows the use of small 0603 current sensing resistors. the SGM3140B is available in green tdfn-33-10l package and is specified over an ambient temperature range of -40 to +85 . applications white led torch, flash for cell phones, dscs and camcorders white led backlighting generic lighting, flash and strobe applications general purpose high current boost features output current up to 500ma up to 90% efficiency in torch mode adjustable flash mode current automatic buck/boost mode switchover input voltage range: 2.7v to 5.5v minimum external components: no inductors high frequency operation: 2.2mhz low 47mv reference for low loss sensing i q < 1 a in shutdown automatic soft-start limits inrush current low input and output ripple and low emi output over-voltage protection over-current and over-temperature protection available in green tdfn-33-10l package typical application vin c1 c2 flash en vout pgnd sgnd fb rset 1 2 3 4 5 10 9 8 7 6 c f 1f c in 4.7f 2.7v to 5.5v v in SGM3140B enable r set 86.6k r sense 0.33 c out 1f torch/flash wled rev. a sg micro corp www.sg-micro.com
500ma buck/boost charge pump led driver 2 SGM3140B sg micro corp www.sg-micro.com package/ordering information model order number package description specified temperature range package option marking information SGM3140B SGM3140Byd10g/tr tdfn-33-10l -40 to +85 tape and reel, 3000 sgm 3140bd xxxxx note: xxxxx = date code and vendor code. absolute maximum ratings v in , v out , c2?.???????????..?.??.-0.3v to 6v en, c1, flash, fb, rset pins ?.?????????..??????..?...-0.3v to v in +0.3v output current pulse (flash)............................................0.8a output current continuous (torch)...................................0.4a package thermal resistance tdfn-33-10l, ja ???????.?..?????.?57 /w storage temperature range????..?......-40 to +150 junction temperature ...???????...?.????...150 operating temperature range?.?.?..???-40 to +85 lead temperature (soldering 10 sec) ?????????????..????....?????.. 260 esd susceptibility hbm (en pin)????????.??????..???1000v hbm (all other pins) ?????.?????????..2000v mm??????????????.??.???..???200v note: stresses beyond those list ed under ?absolute maximum ratings? may cause permanent damage to the device. these are stress ratings only, and functional operation of the device at these or any other conditions beyond those indicated in the operational sections of the sp ecifications is not implied. exposure to absolute maximum rating conditions for extended periods may affect device reliability. caution this integrated circuit can be damaged by esd if you don?t pay attention to esd protecti on. sgmicro recommends that all integrated circuits be handled with appropriate precautions. failure to observe proper handling and installation procedures can cause damage. esd damage can range from subtle performance degradation to complete device failure. precision integrated circuits may be more susceptible to damage because very small parametric changes could cause the device not to meet its published specifications. sgmicro reserves the right to make any change in circuit design, specification or other related things if necessary without notice at any time. pl ease contact sgmicro sales office to get the latest datasheet.
500ma buck/boost charge pump led driver 3 SGM3140B sg micro corp www.sg-micro.com pin configuration (top view) 1 5 4 3 2 10 6 7 8 9 vin flash c2 c1 en vout fb sgnd pgnd rset tdfn-33-10l gnd pin description pin name function 1 vin input voltage for the charge pump. decouple with 4.7 f or 10 f ceramic capacitor close to the pins of the ic. 2 c1 positive input for the external flying capacitor. connect a ceramic 1 f capacitor close to the pins of the ic. 3 c2 negative input for the external flying capacitor. connect a ceramic 1 f capacitor close to the pins of the ic. 4 flash logic input to toggle operation between flash and torch mode. in torch mode fb is regulated to the internal 47mv reference. in flash mode fb reference voltage can be adjusted by changing the resistor from rset pin to ground. choose the external current sense resistor (r sense ) based on desired current in torch mode and flash mode. 5 en shutdown control input. connect to vin for normal operation. connect to ground for shutdown. for normal operation, suggest to connect to vin only after the vin has settled if the vin ramping up is slow. 6 rset rset pin. connect a resistor from this pin to ground. when in flash mode (flash = high) this resistor sets the current regulation point according to the following: v fb = (1.26v/r set ) 10.2k ? . 7 fb feedback input for the current control loop. connect directly to the current sense resistor. 8 sgnd internal ground pin. control circuitry returns current to this pin. 9 pgnd power ground pin. flying capacitor current returns through this pin. 10 vout charge pump output voltage. decouple with an external capacitor. at least 1 f is recommended. if higher value capacitor is used, output ripple is smaller. exposed pad gnd exposed pad should be soldered to pcb board and connected to gnd.
500ma buck/boost charge pump led driver 4 SGM3140B sg micro corp www.sg-micro.com electrical characteristics (full = -40 to +85 , v in = 3.6v, c in = 4.7 f, c out = c f = 1 f, v shdn = v in , typical values at +25 , unless otherwise noted.) parameter symbol conditions temp min typ max units input supply voltage v in full 2.7 5.5 v v in = 2.7v to 5.5v, flash = 0v, i load = 100 a full 0.3 3 quiescent current i q flash = v in , 2 mode 2 ma shutdown current i shdn v en = 0v, v in = 5.5v 1 a oscillator frequency 2.2 mhz charge pump equivalent resistance (2 mode) 5 ? charge pump equivalent resistance (1 mode) 0.6 0.8 ? flash = v in , r set = 86.6k ? full 131 150 165 fb reference voltage v fb flash = gnd full 38 47 54 mv fb pin current v fb = 0.3v 1 a en, flash logic low full 0.4 v en, flash logic high full 1.3 v en, flash pin current full 1 a v out turn-on time v in = 3.6v, fb within 90% of regulation 250 s thermal shutdown temperature 145
500ma buck/boost charge pump led driver 5 SGM3140B sg micro corp www.sg-micro.com typical performance characteristics c in = 10 f, c out = 4.7 f, c f = 1 f, unless otherwise noted.
500ma buck/boost charge pump led driver 6 SGM3140B sg micro corp www.sg-micro.com typical performance characteristics c in = 10 f, c out = 4.7 f, c f = 1 f, unless otherwise noted. efficiency vs. input voltage 0 20 40 60 80 100 3 3.2 3.4 3.6 3.8 4 4.2 input voltage (v) efficiency (%) torch 150ma v f = 2.96v torch 200ma v f = 3.06v flash 300ma v f = 3.15v flash 500ma vf = 3.33v battery current vs. input voltage 0 200 400 600 800 1000 1200 2.7 3 3.3 3.6 3.9 4.2 input voltage (v) battery current (ma) torch 160ma v f = 3.01v flash 500ma v f = 3.33v output current vs. input voltage 0 100 200 300 400 500 600 2.7 3 3.3 3.6 3.9 4.2 input voltage (v) output current (ma) torch 150ma v f = 2.96v torch 200ma v f = 3.06v flash 300ma v f = 3.15v flash 500ma v f = 3.33v
500ma buck/boost charge pump led driver 7 SGM3140B sg micro corp www.sg-micro.com typical application the SGM3140B can be used with multiple leds in parallel as shown in figure 1. for best performance, the leds should be in a single package, preferably from a single die to have better matching for forward voltage v f for a given forward current i f . in practice, if the v f of one led is higher than the others, it will consume a larger i f , which will raise its temperature which will then cause its v f to decrease, correcting the imbalance. the overall current will be the sum of the individual currents, for example i total = 4 i led . vin c1 c2 flash en vout pgnd sgnd fb rset 1 2 3 4 5 10 9 8 7 6 c f 1f c in 10f 3.0v to 4.2v v in SGM3140B 1 3 2 jumper sw2 r en 10k r set 139k r fb 0.33 c out 4.7f figure 1. multiple led flash circuit
500ma buck/boost charge pump led driver 8 SGM3140B sg micro corp www.sg-micro.com operation the SGM3140B is a charge pump regulator designed for converting a li-ion battery voltage of 2.7v to 4.2v to drive a white led used in digital still camera flash and torch applications. the SGM3140B has two modes of operation which are pin selectable for either flash or torch. both modes can be used continuously unless thermal shutdown happens. torch is often used for several seconds in a digita l still camera ?movie? mode. the SGM3140B also has two modes of operation to control the output current: the 1 mode and 2 mode. operation begins after the enable pin en receives a logic high, the band-gap reference wakes up after 50 s, and then SGM3140B goes through a soft-start mode designed to reduce inrush current. the SGM3140B starts in the 1 mode, which acts like a linear regulator to control the output current by continuously monitoring the feedback pin fb. in 1 mode, if the SGM3140B auto detects a dropout condition, which is when the fb pin is below the regulation point for more than 15 s, the SGM3140B automatically switches to the 2 mode. the SGM3140B remains in the 2 mode until one of four things happens: 1) the enable pin en has been toggled. 2) the flash pin has changed from high to low. 3) v in is cycled or v in is at least 1v above v out . 4) a thermal fault occurs. the 2 mode is the charge pump mode where the output can be pumped as high as two times the input voltage, provided the output does not exceed the maximum voltage for the SGM3140B, whic h is internally limited to about 5.5v. in the 2 mode, as in the 1 mode, the output current is regulated by the voltage at the fb pin. in the torch mode (flash = ?gnd?), the flash pin is set to logic low and the SGM3140B fb pin is regulated to 47mv output: v fb = 47mv (torch mode) when in flash mode (flash = ?high?), the fb regulation voltage is set by the resistor r set connected between the rset pin and sgnd pin with the equation: v fb = (1.26v/r set ) 10.2k ? (flash mode) where 1.26v is the internal band-gap reference voltage and 10.2k ? is an internal resist ance used to scale the rset current. typical values of r set are 42k ? to 170k ? for a range of v fb = 300mv to 75mv in flash mode. the output current is then set in either flash or torch mode by the equation: i out = v fb /r sense
500ma buck/boost charge pump led driver 9 SGM3140B sg micro corp www.sg-micro.com application information over-temperature protection when the temperature of SGM3140B rises above 145 , the over-temperature protection circuitry turns off the output switches to prevent damage to the device. if the temperature drops back down below 130 , the part automatically recovers and executes a soft-start cycle. over-voltage protection the SGM3140B has over-voltage protection. if the output voltage rises above the 5.5v threshold, the over-voltage protection shuts off all of the output switches to prevent the output voltage from rising further. when the output decreases below 5.2v, the device resumes normal operation. over-current protection the over-current protection circuitry monitors the average current out of the v out = 47mv (torch mode) pin. if the average output current exceeds approximately 0.8a, then the over-current protection circuitry shuts off the output switches to protect the chip. component selection the SGM3140B charge pump circuit requires 3 capacitors: 4.7 f input, 1 f output and 1 f flying capacitors are typically recommended. for the input capacitor, a larger value of 10 f will help reduce input voltage ripple for applications sensitive to ripple on the battery voltage. all the capa citors should be surface mount ceramic for low lead inductance necessary at the 2.2mhz switching frequency of the SGM3140B and to obtain low esr, which improves bypassing on the input and output and improves output voltage drive by reducing output resistance. ceramic capacitors with x5r or x7r temperature grade are recommended for most applications. the input and output capacitors should be located as close to the vin and vout pins as possible to obtain best bypassing, and the returns should be connected directly to the pgnd pin or to the thermal pad ground located under the SGM3140B. the flying capacitor should be located as close to the c1 and c2 pins as possible. to obtain lower ou tput ripple, the c out value can be increased from 1 f to 2.2 f or 4.7 f with a corresponding decrease in output ripple. for output currents of 400ma to 500ma, the recommended c f flying capacitor value of 1 f should be used. output currents in flash of 100ma to 400ma can use a 0.47 f c f but a minimum 1 f c out is still needed. resistor selection the sense resistor r sense is determined by the value needed in the torch mode for the desired output current by the equation: r sense = v fb /i out where v fb = 47mv (torch mode) once the r sense resistor has been selected for torch mode, the v fb voltage can be selected for flash mode using the following equation: v fb = i out r sense (flash mode) where i out is for flash mode. next, the r set resistor can be selected for flash mode using the following equation: r set = (1.26v/v fb ) 10.2k ? (flash mode) for an example of 155ma torch mode and 500ma flash mode, the values of r sense = 0.30 ? , v fb = 150mv (flash mode), and r set = 86.6k ? are calculated. the power obtained in the flash mode would be: p flash = v fb i out = 150mv 500ma = 75mw. the typical 0603 surface mount resistor is rated 1/10 watt continuous power and 1/5 watt pulsed power, more than enough for this application. for other applications, the p flash power can be calculated and resistor size selected. the r sense resistor is recommended to be size 0603 for most applications. the range of typical resistor values and sizes are shown here in table 1.
500ma buck/boost charge pump led driver 10 SGM3140B sg micro corp www.sg-micro.com table 1: resistor values and sizes part reference value tolerance size manufacturers r set 68k ? 5% 0402 any r set 75k ? 5% 0402 any r set 82k ? 5% 0402 any r set 91k ? 5% 0402 any r set 100k ? 5% 0402 any r set 110k ? 5% 0402 any r set 120k ? 5% 0402 any r set 130k ? 5% 0402 any r set 140k ? 5% 0402 any r set 150k ? 5% 0402 any r sense 0.22 ? 5% 0603 panasonic or vishay r sense 0.27 ? 5% 0603 panasonic or vishay r sense 0.33 ? 5% 0603 panasonic or vishay r sense 0.39 ? 5% 0603 panasonic or vishay r sense 0.47 ? 5% 0603 panasonic or vishay
500ma buck/boost charge pump led driver 11 SGM3140B sg micro corp www.sg-micro.com evaluation board layout printed circuit board layout recommendations follow the pcb layout guidelin es for optimal performance: 1. place the flying capacitor c f as close to the chip as possible; otherwis e 2 mode performance will be compromised. also keep analog components away from this capacitor. 2. place input and output decoupling capacitors as close to the chip as possible to reduce switching noise and output ripple. 3. the power traces, consisting of the vin/gnd trace, the vout trace and the wled trace should be kept short and wide. also minimize the feedback loop area (consisting of wled/fb) small. 4. connect the exposed pad to the gnd plane to achieve the best power dissipation.
500ma buck/boost charge pump led driver 12 SGM3140B sg micro corp www.sg-micro.com package outline dimensions tdfn-33-10l recommended land pattern (unit: mm) 1.7 2.8 2.4 0.6 0.24 0.5 a n10 n5 n1 d1 e1 side view bottom view top view a1 a2 k b l e d e dimensions in millimeters dimensions in inches symbol min max min max a 0.700 0.800 0.028 0.031 a1 0.000 0.050 0.000 0.002 a2 0.203 ref 0.008 ref d 2.900 3.100 0.114 0.122 d1 2.300 2.600 0.091 0.098 e 2.900 3.100 0.114 0.122 e1 1.500 1.800 0.063 0.071 k 0.200 min 0.008 min b 0.180 0.300 0.007 0.012 e 0.500 typ 0.020 typ l 0.300 0.500 0.012 0.020
500ma buck/boost charge pump led driver 13 SGM3140B sg micro corp www.sg-micro.com tape and reel information note: the picture is only for reference. please make the object as the standard. key parameter list of tape and reel package type reel diameter reel width w1 (mm) a0 (mm) b0 (mm) k0 (mm) p0 (mm) p1 (mm) p2 (mm) w (mm) pin1 quadrant tdfn-33-10l 13?? 12.4 3.35 3.35 1.13 4.00 8.00 2.00 12.00 q1 reel width (w1) reel diameter reel dimensions tape dimensions direction of feed p2 p0 w p1 a0 k0 b0 q1 q2 q4 q3 q3 q4 q2 q1 q3 q4 q2 q1
500ma buck/boost charge pump led driver 14 SGM3140B sg micro corp www.sg-micro.com carton box dimensions note: the picture is only for reference. please make the object as the standard. key parameter list of carton box reel type length (mm) width (mm) height (mm) pizza/carton 13? 386 280 370 5


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